After spending a considerable amount of time thinking about adding a new family member to your household you’ve decided to adopt a dog…. congratulations! Whether you adopt through a shelter, a reputable rescue group or perhaps a situation in which someone is rehoming a dog, you’re making a difference to an animal in need.
After you bring your new family member home you may feel overwhelmed. Guaranteed your dog will feel the same way. He’s in a new environment, with new people and not sure what to expect. He may have had a rocky past and can’t trust you quite yet. Here’s how to make the transition easier for you both.
As mentioned, an animal in a new environment has no way of knowing whether they are safe. Naturally, an animal will be worried about this unknown. YOU know you already love this dog but he has no idea! The proof will be in your actions, or lack thereof. What I mean by this is instead of bombarding him with affection, take the pressure off and let the dog explore his new environment without worrying about this new person constantly forcing interaction. Let him come to you. When he does, break out some snacks. It’s all about associations for animals, if you are associated with a necessity (food) this is going to warm your dog up quickly!
Let them Decompress
One of the biggest mistakes I see when someone brings a new dog home is that they immerse the dog in their life very quickly. They take them to the pet store, the dog park, over to friends houses and to work… often within the first few days. This can be extremely stressful and overwhelming for a dog. The most stressful time for a newly adopted dog is the first few weeks. They have no point of reference for this new life of theirs so let them settle into your home first and spend the first few weeks slowly introducing them to the different facets of your life. It’s understandable that it’s exciting to welcome your new family member home and you’d like to bring them everywhere, however, you won’t be setting them up for success.
Be Patient and Proactive vs Reactive
Accidents in the house should be expected. Even a “house trained” dog put in a stressful or new situation will likely have accidents. He may even chew or destroy things. If this happens don’t get angry, just do better. That means providing plenty of items your dog is ALLOWED to chew on (think antlers, bully sticks, stuffed Kongs), put things away that you don’t want damaged, ensure counters are clear and shoes are put away. You may want to baby gate a confinement area in your home while you are testing the waters. Take your dog out frequently for bathroom breaks and party and reward with snacks just as you would house train a puppy. Don’t assume an adult dog will know. And punishment after the fact will only prevent your dog from bonding and trusting you.
Lower Your Expectations
Your last dog was PERFECT… smart, easy to please and irreplaceable. That’s correct, you cannot replace dogs you’ve had in the past so ensure your expectations aren’t that your newly adopted dog will be anything like another dog. Dogs are individuals comprised of a different set of genes, a different personality and history (yes, even puppies are reared very differently from litter to litter). You may be setting up your new family dynamic to fail from the get-go. This doesn’t mean that an adopted dog will be riddled with “issues” but you have to be realistic that you will have to put work and effort in for the transition to be a success.
Your past dog (s) are not THIS dog. No one dog is the same so it’s unfair to make comparisons. Genetics, early environment and an animal’s past all contribute to their behaviour and personality in the now.
There are so many possibilities once you get to know your dog. He may have a super-sniffer and you could eventually enroll in Nosework. Perhaps he has field lines and can run like the wind and you can take up trail running together. Maybe he is a couch potato and will be your perfect Netflix buddy. There is an outlet for every single dog on this planet and it can be your project to find out what that is and enjoy it together! Keep an open mind going into adoption and you’ll be more aware of the fantastic traits every dog no matter where they came from, how old they are or any limitations they may have. Kind of like people. J